How Does Sleep Affect Academic Performance?

How Does Sleep Affect Academic Performance?


For college students to maintain a healthy brain function, experts recommend that they get at least seven to nine hours of deep sleep regularly. But not all college students get to have this much sleep regularly and this can greatly impact their cognitive functions, their day to day activities and their studies. In this article we look at some of the issues lack of sleep can cause.

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For college students to maintain a healthy brain function, experts recommend that they get at least seven to nine hours of deep sleep regularly. But not all college students get to have this much sleep regularly and this can greatly impact their cognitive functions, their day to day activities and their studies. Sleep deprivation is prevalent in college students and it can be caused by the following:

Irregular Sleep

Occurs because of the near absence of the circadian rhythm which regulates a person’s period of rest and wakefulness.


Young adults who suffer from depression, chronic pain, heart disease, or schizophrenia commonly experience lack of sleep due to their sickness.

Daily Activities

The activities college students get involved in can also affect the quality of their sleep. Balancing their college life and work can also be reducing the amount of time that they can spend on rest and sleep.


Too much gadget use such as computers, televisions, smartphones and gaming devices can cause sleep deprivation. Melatonin, the sleep promoting hormone produced by the pineal gland, gets suppressed by the artificial light produced by gadgets, which makes it difficult to fall asleep.

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Taking stimulant drugs can also be another cause for sleep deprivation. Caffeine is a very common stimulant that many college students are sure to be loading up on, especially if they need to stay mentally alert while studying. There are also stimulant medications, which, if overused, can throw off your sleep patterns.

Effects of Sleep Deprivation on College Students

Sleep deprivation can have various effects on a student’s mental and physical well-being. Here are some of them:

Trouble Concentrating

Less sleep can lead to lower mental alertness and concentration. If you don’t get enough sleep, you’ll notice that you will have difficulties paying attention or focusing. This makes it difficult to think straight or to perform any activities that involve complex thinking or logical reasoning.

Memory Impairment

If you don’t get enough sleep, your memory and learning capacity will be impaired. Sleep is essential in helping you retain your memory and recall it in the future.

Slower Physical Reflex

Sleep deprivation can also impact your body’s reaction time. It affects your ability to make split second decisions, thus affecting how your reflex works.

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How to Establish Good Sleeping Habits

Sleep is a very important part of our daily life. And as a college student, it is important that you establish a healthy sleeping habit as early as possible, so that it won’t affect your curricular and extracurricular activities. To help you perform well academically, here are some habits that you should consider adopting to be able to build a good sleeping habit.

Follow a Bedtime Routine

One of the best ways to help you condition your mind and body to sleep is by establishing a preparation routine before going to bed. A light dinner, a warm bath, some gadget-free time, and some meditation can help you feel more relaxed.

Exercise Regularly

You don’t have to do any rigorous exercises. As long as you get to do some physical activities, the better it will be in helping you sleep better.

Avoid Long Afternoon Naps

Avoid taking long naps in the afternoon, as this might be your what’s affecting your sleeping patterns in the evening. Instead, try doing some power naps to recharge during the afternoon.

Avoid Technology Before Going to Bed

Don’t wind down with your gadgets. Avoid using your gadgets before going to sleep. Most importantly, don’t use your gadgets to make you feel tired or sleepy as it will only suppress your melatonin. As much as possible, put your phone away from your bed so that you won’t feel like reaching out to it while you are on your bed.

Set a Schedule for Work and College

If you are balancing your time between work and college, see to it that you are still setting enough time between your tasks without sacrificing your time for some rest. Yes, your college and part-time work are important, but so is your health.

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Keeping the dirt off your floor is a cumbersome task, especially when you are working full-time. It requires effort and ample time before you can make your floor and shelves sparkling again. A sound cleaning strategy would be to break down housekeeping projects on a seven-day clean up schedule.

Avoid Stimulants at Before Bedtime

Do not drink any caffeinated drinks and other stimulants at least two to three hours before bedtime.

Create a Cozy Bedroom Atmosphere

A comfortable bed and a relaxing atmosphere can help you feel sleepy during bedtime. Lowering the temperature in your room and dimming down the lights can be a good way to prepare your body for bed. It’s also a good time to sleep on a bed that you feel comfortable in.

Sleep deprivation, especially if it’s constant, can have some grave effect on your health and your academic performance. If you want to make the most of your life as a college student, it’s important that you learn how to give your body the chance to rest and recover.

About The Author
Abby Brinn is a graduate of Drew “It’s Near New York” University, where she was an English Major and a Writing Minor. Abby is a bit of an academic overachiever, probably because her greatest educational influence is Hermione Granger. Now that she has graduated, she hopes to get a job in writing, editing, or publishing.
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