Adults with autism are individuals with specific characteristics that can make life extra difficult for them. They have a condition that impacts how they perceive other people and the world. For this, an autistic person needs compassion, patience, and understanding from family and other people. Knowing how to manage autism in adults, particularly the difficult behaviour that comes with the condition, ensures that people with autism can receive the appropriate treatment.
The following are common symptoms that you can see in adults with autism:
- Follow daily routines strictly, any changes may cause an outburst
- Likely to do repetitive behaviours
- Difficulty controlling emotions
- Have a problem with conversations; tend to engage in monologues
- Problem interpreting social cues like facial expressions or body language
- Only participates in a limited range of activities.
- Trouble translating what other people are feeling or thinking
How to manage autistic adults during their difficult behaviour:
Any kind of change is difficult for an autistic adult. They want to be ready when faced with new situations. With this, make sure to stick to daily routines and schedules. For example, do hygiene practices and meals always at the same time. Also, keep personal belongings in the same locations.
Keep Communication Easy And Comfortable
Typically, autistic individuals struggle when it comes to communication. In the world of autism spectrum disorder, some people with autism have an extremely high level of vocabulary, while those on the lower end of the spectrum may not use words when conversing but only sounds. Some of these individuals are non-verbal altogether.
When talking to an autistic adult, use short sentences and easy words. Do not use sarcasm or phrases with hidden meanings, as they may take them seriously or interpret wrongly.
Understand and Accept Their Need for Space
Individuals with autism cannot handle stimuli normally, so they tend to have a sensory overload. Also, know that these people are not comfortable with pats or hugs. These gestures often do not bring about a positive feeling to them, but instead, may cause a panic attack. You may show your care and affection by giving small gifts or verbal praises.
Make The Necessary Adjustments To Cater To Their Needs
When an autistic person feels anxious and upset, make sure to create a peaceful and relaxing environment for them. Avoid increasing panic and tension by keeping a soft and calm voice. Speak softly and use an enjoyable task to distract them from their negative emotions.
Autistic adults are also quite meticulous. You can focus their attention from disruption and disarray by giving them an activity, such as arranging objects according to height. This can help soothe and pacify them, as you introduce a sense of structure again.
Be Always Ready, Especially In Public
Keep in mind that the outside world does not always understand the autism spectrum disorder. Be prepared to face challenges when taking an autistic person to public places. Seeing many people and activities around them can be agitating to an autistic. Make sure you can handle the occurrence of emotional stress. Use distractions to avoid turmoil or talk about unfamiliar situations with them in advance.
Autism does impact not only the affected individual but also those people around them. It helps if you understand the symptoms of autism in adults and learn to detect a potential outburst so you can deal with it properly.