The selection of a candidate for any job generally depends on skillset, qualification, and experience. Nowadays, Companies are aware of considering a person’s personality traits also. Various data and studies proved the vital role of an employee’s personality in job performance.
There are 5 universally recognized personality types – Openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. The acronym given to them is “OCEAN.” But these 5 personalities are in extreme contrast with each other. But we all know people who are somewhere in between and not possessing any intense characteristics. To sort this further 16pf personality test was invented by Dr. Raymond Cattell. It measures the 16 personality traits among the 5 primary personality factors.
Let us understand the “OCEAN.”
The name says it all. These people are open to new experiences and environments. They despise the comfort zone and love to learn new things every day. The world is their canvas. These are creative beings and are full of imagination. They accept any change easily and don’t fear failure. People who are lacking in this area are less imaginative and less flexible to change.
Alert, organized, disciplined, and dependable are some of the qualities that can describe people with a high score in conscientiousness. These people don’t act on impulse. Their every move is planned well in advance. They are goal-oriented and ambitious. They strive to be on top of their profession. People scoring less in this factor react on impulse and often procrastinate work.
He or She would be a people’s person if they got high ranking in extroversion. They like meeting new people and making friends. They flourish with maximum interaction with other people. Stage fright or nervousness are non-familiar qualities. People ranking low in this area prefer isolation over the gathering of people. They might suffer from social anxiety also.
Human qualities like kindness and sympathy are priorities for these people. They think more about others rather than themselves. They are very understanding and cares about the people who are associated with them. A perfect team player! Helping others is their hobby. People lacking in agreeableness can be mean and cold towards other people. They can reflect more of competitiveness amongst the team rather than cooperation.
People getting a high score in neuroticism are emotionally and mentally weak people. Human shortcomings like anxiety, stress, sadness, and worry engulf them easily. They are not very good at coping up with dynamic, challenging, or demanding situations at work. People who score low in this criteria are more mature, stable, and relaxed.
A paper was published in Science Direct in 2016, that stated that leaders who understand employees’ personalities utilize their strengths better. They take more productive work out of their team members. Employees feel secure in an understanding environment. Leaders should recognize the dominant personality traits in themselves also to perform better.